Minnesota is home to more than 70,000 immigrants from Africa. Most of these people came to Minnesota between 1991 and the present. Some of them have language barriers; some have developed diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, alcohol and drugs abuse, mental health issues, obesity, and sickle cell disease. In addition to health conditions, many also experience social and economic burdens. Because of these problems, GMTC strives to provide basic services including health screening, health education, language translation, and financial advice for participants. Following heath screening, GMTC serves as a referral agency to hospitals or clinics for clients who need these services. GMTC also will provide health education regarding weight management and healthy nutrition and help with transportation to clinics or hospitals for appointments.
Our program’s basic health screening test includes:
Hyperglycemia (High Blood Glucose)
According to American Diabetes Association; Hyperglycemia is the technical term for high blood glucose (blood sugar). High blood glucose happens when the body has too little insulin or when the body can’t use insulin properly. A number of things can cause hyperglycemia, most commonly Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. “Diabetes” also called diabetes mellitus.
Risk factors for diabetes depend on the type of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes,
Previously known as juvenile diabetes.
It is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
Exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown but factors that may increase risk are:
The presence of damaging immune system cells which produce autoantibodies (proteins which attack and damage part of the body)
Type 2 diabetes
It is a chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose).
Overweight: The more fatty tissue you have, the more resistant your cells become to insulin.
Inactivity: The less active you are, the greater your risk. Physical activity helps you control your weight, uses up glucose as energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.
High blood pressure: Having blood pressure (B/P) over 140/90 is linked to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes
Family history: Risk increases if a parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes
Race: Blacks, Hispanics, American Indians and Asian-Americans — are at higher risk.
Age: Risk increases as we get older
A condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes
It is a form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant woman. Women who develop diabetes during pregnancy have an increased risk of developing pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes later in life.
Women who give birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds (4 kilograms), are also at increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes symptoms vary depending on how high the blood sugar is elevated. Some people, especially those with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes, may not experience symptoms initially. In type 1 diabetes, symptoms tend to come on quickly and tend to be more severe.
Some of the signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are:
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
There are a number of reasons why blood sugar may drop below a normal level, including skipping a meal and getting more physical activity than normal.
Look out for signs and symptoms of low blood sugar including:
Low blood sugar is treated with quickly absorbed carbohydrates, such as fruit juice or glucose tablets.
Blood Sugar Chart
Fasting Value (mg/dl)
Post Prandial (mg/dl)
Value 2 hours after consuming glucose
Less than 140
140 to 200
More than 126
More than 200